An update on these powerful stimulants is essential
Amphetamine, methamphetamine, and crystal meth all belong to the same family of substances, the amphetamines. The amphetamines are a group of molecules that all have similar pharmacological effects. The members of this family include amphetamine, methamphetamine (twice as powerful as amphetamine), and MDMA (commonly known as ecstasy).
WHAT ARE AMPHETAMINES AND WHAT DO THEY LOOK LIKE?
Amphetamines (also known by street names
such as speed, ice or crystal) are major stimulants.
They come in the form of tablets, crystals,
or powder. They are very often mixed with other
substances, and they can be swallowed,
snorted, or even smoked.
EFFECTS AND DANGERS OF AMPHETAMINES
Amphetamines are physical stimulants. They
suppress fatigue, increase alertness, cause
sensations of intense well-being, and give users
the illusion of invincibility. The effects of amphetamines
last several hours and resemble those of
METHAMPHETAMINE & CRYSTAL METH: SPECIAL AMPHETAMINES
WHAT IS METHAMPHETAMINE AND WHAT DOES IT LOOK LIKE?
Methamphetamine is a psychostimulant in the
amphetamine family. It has very powerful effects
on the functioning of the central nervous system,
because it is twice as potent as amphetamine.
EFFECTS AND DANGERS OF METHAMPHETAMINE
The most common ways of taking methamphetamine
are orally (in tablets or capsules), by
“snorting” (inhaling it through the nose)
smoking it in powdered form, or by injecting it
intravenously. When it is taken orally, its effects
begin after 15 or 20 minutes and can last up to
12 hours or even 24. It is absorbed much faster
when snorted, and even faster through intravenous
or intrapulmonary route. Its effects are
then felt almost instantaneously. It causes an
intense euphoria that can feel almost orgasmic,
commonly known as a “rush”.
In heavy doses, methamphetamine can cause hyperthermia (sometimes very high fever), convulsions, and death.
Interactions with other substances
Methamphetamine interacts mainly with other psychostimulants and with antidepressants. Its interactions with psychostimulants are generally synergistic—the substances’ effects are cumulative or amplify each other, thus increasing the risks of overdose. Taking methamphetamine together with antidepressants can result in dangerous fluctuations in blood pressure. These physiological symptoms may include headaches, convulsions, cardiovascular problems, and also increase the risk of serotonin syndrome which is characterized by a number of the following symptoms: agitation, confusion, irritability, altered consciousness, weakness, muscle rigidity, fever, sweating, shivering, trembling, hypertension, convulsions, and cardiovascular collapse.
|Amphetamines are major stimulants that come in the form of tablets, crystals or powder Taking amphetamines along with alcohol or other psychoactive substances such as ecstasy (MDMA) increases the risks of neurotoxicity Methamphetamine is a psychostimulant that has powerful effects on the functioning of the central nervous system and a high potential for causing dependence Crystal meth, when snorted or injected, is one of the most powerful psychostimulants available on the illicit drug market Some psychotic symptoms can persist for months or even years after a person stops using the substance In heavy doses, methamphetamine can cause hyperthermia, convulsions, and death|